In the wake of the global coronavirus pandemic, people everywhere have been students from forced to leave their public lives and hunker down at home in order to slow down the spread of the virus. Educational institutions were some of the hardest hit as millions of teachers and students were forced to leave school. Despite the anxiety and uncertainty that the pandemic has brought to our lives, it has also given way to newer innovations in the way we teach and learn. Online learning is a highly efficient and accessible alternative to the traditional brick and mortar classroom. With an internet connection and a smart device, anyone can access an online e-learning platform or update existing software on their smart devices with an e-learning plugin. Many e-learning platforms also generate performance evaluations based on the areas the students excel at and what they need more help in, allowing instructors and students to create a personalized learning plan that takes into account that students particular learning style. E-learning has helped professors and trainers to maintain the educational process despite the closing of physical schools. And the benefits of the e-learning environment expand beyond keeping students and teachers safe during a pandemic. Online learning can be a great tool to combat climate change, another global crisis that we are all currently facing.
Climate change refers to the regional and global changes in climate patterns as a result of excess atmospheric carbon do to the increased use of fossil fuels during the 20th and 21st century. For decades scientists have warned us of the dangers looming in our future if we as global citizens do nothing to mitigate the effects that we have on the environment. Climate change has ravaged natural habitats worldwide, leaving many plant animal species endangered as well as encroaching on the livelihood and wellbeing of humans. The 2019 fires in Australia devastated the outback, and left the koala, a marsupial native to that region, functionally extinct. In 2017, Hurricane Maria ransacked Puerto Rico, killing over 2,900 people and costing the region $90 billion worth of damage. The hurricane was the worst natural disaster to hit the Island in almost 100 years. It is, in short, a global crisis and a crisis brought about by us. Human behavior is a direct contributor to rise in global temperatures, and as we rely on the earth and its resources in order to survive, it is on us to do better.
Around the world many people have already begun the mission, turning to technology and innovation to minimize our carbon footprint. From inventing electric cars and solar generated electricity to recycling plastic water bottles by turning them into shoes, people are working hard to find creative ways to be friendlier to the environment. One way that companies around the world can collectively minimize their impact on the environment is to turn to virtual learning. Virtual learning, or e-learning is the use of technology to facilitate any training, learning or educational experience online. E-learning can help cut our use of paper, gasoline, and other carbon producing processes that contribute to global climate change.
Paper is one of the most widely used and wasted materials in America. Every year we produce 300 million tons of paper with the average American consuming 700 pounds of it each year. That used paper then goes on to account for 25% of waste products that fill landfills. A large amount of paper waste that we generate comes from our office and school environment. A single office worker uses about 10,000 sheets of paper each year. Likewise, a single school goes through an average of 360,000 sheets of paper a year.
Travel also accounts for a large amount of waste that we produce. If a company requires its employees to travel off-site to receive training, they end up contributing to 140 billion gallons of gas that Americans use each year on travel. This comes down to about 600 gallons per person per year. Using this much gas is also very expensive, with the average American shelling out over $2,600 of their personal expenses on gasoline alone. Burning crude oil gasoline for fuel has a negative effect on the air we breathe, producing smog. When ingested smog can damage lung tissue, leading to higher a likelihood of developing asthma and other respiratory issue.
One way to eliminate this excess paper waste is to conduct our learning online. Conducting employee training and school lessons online could help business and schools save time and money as well as cut their paper waste. With e-learning, companies do not have to pay for trainer, location, and document fees. Instead all training courses can be taken online at each employees’ pace, allowing them to absorb the material when they can. For schools, e-learning can help them to cut back on their paper use by allowing them to manage their lessons online. Students can do homework, write papers, and take test online and send them to their instructors electronically, eliminating the need to print out unnecessary amounts of paper.
Online learning can also help us to cut back on the carbon emissions we produce. Experts believe that e-learning requires 90% energy emission than brick and mortar learning institutions. E-learning does not require the energy emission it takes to power a school building or a college campus. Students and parents do not have to use transportation to get to a physical site in order to engage in the learning process, meaning individual carbon emissions per student will also go down (up to 85%).
Every year colleges and universities receive more students and have little room to place them comfortably, forcing them to expand their campuses and encroach on the environment around them. American colleges and universities 18.9 kWh of electricity and 17 cubic feet of natural gas per square foot annually. Larger college building such as dorms can end up costing over $100,000 worth of energy. Existing buildings and the expansion of campuses cost an immense amount of money and the financial burden falls on the students as well, many of whom do not have the means to pay for increasing tuition rates and are forced to take out student loans. The internet allows learning to be much more accessible to those without the financial resources to travel to a campus or pay for a physical course. Video chat platforms such as Zoom and Skype also used to maintain some human connection that is usually provide by the classroom environment.
E-learning and online classrooms are fairly new phenomena that present us with the opportunity to improve the way we learn and reduce our negative impact on our environment. E-learning allows for the democratization of learning for those who face obstacles that prevent them from being able to attend a physical learning site. It also saves us money and reduces our carbon emissions, creating a pathway to a greener future.